The term blog was not known until late 1990s. The blogging history starts with various digital precursors to it. The digital communities had many forms before blogging became common. These forms include the Usenet, some commercial online services like BiX, email lists, GEnie, and (BBS) Bulletin Board Systems. In 1990s, internet forum software like WebEx made running conversations with threads. Threads are the topical connections between messages in a metaphorical corkboard. Below is the history of blogging.
During this time Usenet was the basic serial medium in the original definition of internet. The moderated news group was featured here. It allowed all postings to be in a newsgroup and under the control of a small group or an individual. Most of these newsgroups were basically moderated discussion forums, although in the late 1983, mod.ber was created and several associates posted summaries of interesting threads and postings regularly.
In 1987 rec.humor.funny, another moderated newsgroup was started. In early 1990s the term World Wide Web was coined, which defined the first standards of URLs and HTML. These specifications had newsgroup of USENET for discussions and serial publishing.
Modern blog came from online diary where people could keep running account about their personal lives. The open web-ring pages included the members of online journal community. One of the earliest recognized bloggers is student from Swarthmore College by the name Jerry Pournelle.
The other blog that was among the first was Wearable Wireless Webcam, which was a shared online diary that contained a person’s personal life and combined text, pictures and video. This way of semi automated blogging that had a combination of live video and text was known as sousveillance. Such journals were also useful as evidence in matters that were legal. In 1996 someone was hired as a permanent blogger while in 1997 there was introduction of weblogs. These were manually updated components of the popular websites.
There was emergence of American popular political blogs in 2001. The importance of blogging community increased rapidly. Journalism established schools started researching about blogging and noting differences between blogging and journalism. In 2002 most blogs focused on comments by the US Senate. Blogging was established by political candidates and politicians to express opinions about war and other issues. Blogging was used in drawing attention of obscuring sources of news. Bloggers started providing nearly instant commentary on television events while creating secondary meaning of the word.
In 2004 news services and political consultants began using blogs as tools for forming opinions and outreach hence increasing the role of blogs. Blogs moved over to other media and several bloggers appeared in television and radio. Blogs were then used as means of creating political pressure apart from being news source and opinion. Some blogs were a source of news during the Tsunami of December 2004. This used SMS text messaging when reporting from affected areas in southern India and Sri Lanka. Blogs have then evolved from there and their importance is being noticed daily especially in small businesses that are growing.